Bradley Jacoby Games Chartered Professional Accountants | Victoria, BC | 250-370-2191

Contractor vs. Employee: Agreement on Contractor Status Is Not Enough

In a May 8, 2018 Tax Court of Canada case, the Court reviewed whether the taxpayer was earning insurable and pensionable amounts related to her work at a health care clinic for 2015 and part of 2016 up to her termination. Classification as an employee would subject the business to various CPP, EI, and other withholdings for past and future years. Such classification could also subject the payer to other significant non-withholding liabilities such as…

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Documents Required to Claim a US Foreign Tax Credit

Prior to the summer of 2015, CRA often accepted copies of the U.S. tax returns, as support to claim a U.S. Foreign Tax Credit (FTC). The "Federal Account Transcript" was selected as alternative evidence the return provided to CRA was filed and assessed as filed. Some practitioners report that obtaining "transcripts" from the Federal Government, and State Governments in particular, can be onerous, often requiring a request from the client rather than a representative. Form…

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2018 Tax Planning: Renumeration

Higher levels of personal income are taxed at higher personal rates, while lower levels are taxed at lower rates. Therefore, individuals may want to, where possible, adjust income out of high income years and into low income years. This is particularly useful if the taxpayer is expecting a large fluctuation in income, due to, for example, an impending maternity/paternity leave; large bonus/dividend; or sale of a company or investment assets. In addition to increases in…

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Contractor vs. Employee: Agreement on Contractor Status Is Not Enough

In 2016 the taxpayer realized she should have been collecting and remitting GST/HST on services performed for the clinic. The taxpayer filed a voluntary disclosure related to this GST/HST matter. At this point the taxpayer and clinic decided that the taxpayer and similar workers should become employees.

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Active Business vs. Property Income: Music Royalties

A private corporation’s income from a specified investment business (SIB) is not eligible for the active business tax rates (varying from 10% to 31%, depending on a number of factors, including the total earnings from operations and the province or territory in which it is located). Rather, a corporate investment tax rate of around 50% is levied (again, it varies by jurisdiction). In a July 10, 2018 Tax Court of Canada case, at issue was…

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Interest on Delinquent Accounts: Proper Disclosure on Legal Documents

In a November 10, 2017 Alberta Court of Queen’s Bench case, the amount of a creditor’s claim was challenged after an uncontested default judgment. The claim included interest calculated at 1% per month as stated in the contract. However, where a rate is not stated in per annum terms, the legal maximum is capped at 5% annually under the Canada Interest Act. Therefore, the interest payable was legally capped at 5% per year, rather than…

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Director’s Liability: Helping Out Family

Being a director of a corporation comes with many responsibilities. Failing to exercise due diligence in ensuring source deductions (such as EI, CPP, and income tax) are properly withheld from wages and remitted to CRA may result in a director’s personal liability for the corporation’s outstanding amount. A June 12, 2018 Tax Court of Canada case examined whether an individual who set up a corporation (along with a bank account) for his brother to operate…

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Retaining Employment Insurance Benefits: Starting Part-Time Work
Photo by Stefan Lorentz from Pexels

Retaining Employment Insurance Benefits: Starting Part-Time Work

As of August 12, 2018, the “Working While on Claim” program became a permanent part of the Employment Insurance (EI) system. Prior to the program, an individual could earn a very low weekly amount, after which the EI benefit would be eroded on a dollar for dollar basis of earnings. Under the new rules, a person who earns income while receiving EI benefits can keep $0.50 of their EI benefits for every dollar earned, up…

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CRA Tax Scams

There are several types of Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) scams going on right now. The image above is an example of what some people are receiving via email. The CRA will never send or request e-transfers of any kind. They will only send payments by direct deposit or cheque in the mail. If you receive an e-Transfer claiming to be from the CRA, it’s likely a scam! See more examples on the CRA website. The…

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Claiming Child, School, and Tutoring Costs

If you work or go to school and need childcare services you may be able to claim those expenses on your tax return. Some of the services are: caregivers providing child care services; day nursery schools and daycare centres; fees for child care services offered through educational institutions; day camps and day sports schools where the primary goal of the camp is to care for children (an institution offering a sports study program is not…

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Reporting a Foreign Property

The CRA has made changes to Form T1135 . It allows taxpayers who held foreign property with a total cost of less than $250,000, throughout the year, to report under a new simplified reporting method rather than providing the detail of each property. If the total foreign property is $250,000 or more, at any time during a year, the current detailed reporting method will continue to apply. For more information, click on: Reporting for the 2015…

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Directors: Can They Be Liable for Corporate Income Taxes?

A December 11, 2017 Tax Court of Canada case examined whether a taxpayer was liable for unpaid income taxes of the corporation of which he was a director. CRA’s assessment was based on the assertion that the taxpayer was a legal representative of the corporation and had distributed assets of the corporation without having first obtained a clearance certificate from CRA. A clearance certificate essentially confirms that the corporation has paid all amounts of tax,…

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