Childcare Costs: Art, Sport, and Education

A September 11, 2018 Tax Court of Canada case examined the eligibility of a number of child care costs with a recreational and educational component. The taxpayer and his spouse worked full time and had two children, aged 10 and 12. The Court acknowledged two separate lines of cases related to eligibility of child care expenses (all informal and, therefore, not binding on CRA).  The first set, argues that the definition of a “child care…

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2018 Tax Planning: Renumeration

Higher levels of personal income are taxed at higher personal rates, while lower levels are taxed at lower rates. Therefore, individuals may want to, where possible, adjust income out of high income years and into low income years. This is particularly useful if the taxpayer is expecting a large fluctuation in income, due to, for example, an impending maternity/paternity leave; large bonus/dividend; or sale of a company or investment assets. In addition to increases in…

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Tax on Split Income (TOSI): Can I Take a Salary Instead of a Dividend?

Dividends received by individuals from private corporations as of January 1, 2018 may be subject to taxation at top marginal tax rates (due to the new TOSI rules) if, in general, they are determined to be unreasonable. Salaries, however, are not specifically subject to these rules. As such, some may consider replacing potentially unreasonable dividends with large salaries or bonuses. This article considers some implications and risks when deciding to pay a salary instead of…

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Director’s Liability: Helping Out Family

Being a director of a corporation comes with many responsibilities. Failing to exercise due diligence in ensuring source deductions (such as EI, CPP, and income tax) are properly withheld from wages and remitted to CRA may result in a director’s personal liability for the corporation’s outstanding amount. A June 12, 2018 Tax Court of Canada case examined whether an individual who set up a corporation (along with a bank account) for his brother to operate…

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Retaining Employment Insurance Benefits: Starting Part-Time Work
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Retaining Employment Insurance Benefits: Starting Part-Time Work

As of August 12, 2018, the “Working While on Claim” program became a permanent part of the Employment Insurance (EI) system. Prior to the program, an individual could earn a very low weekly amount, after which the EI benefit would be eroded on a dollar for dollar basis of earnings. Under the new rules, a person who earns income while receiving EI benefits can keep $0.50 of their EI benefits for every dollar earned, up…

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Interest Deductibility: Returns of Capital

In an April 20, 2018 Tax Court of Canada case, at issue was whether the taxpayer could deduct interest incurred in 2013, 2014, and 2015 related to $300,000 borrowed in 2007 to purchase mutual funds. From 2007–2015, the taxpayer received a return of capital* from the funds, totalling $196,850 over the period. The taxpayer used some proceeds to reduce the loan principal, but the majority was used for personal purposes. Taxpayer loses The Court examined…

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Claiming Child, School, and Tutoring Costs

If you work or go to school and need childcare services you may be able to claim those expenses on your tax return. Some of the services are: caregivers providing child care services; day nursery schools and daycare centres; fees for child care services offered through educational institutions; day camps and day sports schools where the primary goal of the camp is to care for children (an institution offering a sports study program is not…

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